Background: Autonomic abnormalities have been implicated in both diastolic dysfunction and abnormal heart rate (HR) recovery; however, few studies have assessed whether diastolic dysfunction is associated with abnormal HR recovery and whether both modify exercise capacity. Methods and Results: Exercise echocardiography with diastolic assessment was performed in 2,826 patients with normal wall motion responses to symptom-limited exercise testing. HR recovery was defined as the difference in HR from peak exercise to 1 minute in recovery; abnormal HR recovery was defined as the lowest quartile. Mean HR recovery was 32 ± 14 beats per minute. Patients with diastolic dysfunction or abnormal HR recovery had lower exercise capacity, and those with both had the lowest exercise capacity (P <.0001 compared with normal responses). Indices of abnormal diastolic function were correlated with abnormal HR recovery. In multivariable analysis, after age diastolic dysfunction (referent: normal diastolic function) was the strongest predictor of abnormal HR recovery (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 1.47, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.20-1.80) and incrementally predictive of chronotropic incompetence (adjusted OR 1.42, 95% CI 1.16-1.74). Conclusions: Diastolic dysfunction is independently associated with abnormal HR recovery after symptom-limited exercise. Further studies are needed to determine if diastolic function modifies the adverse outcomes observed in those with abnormal HR recovery.
- Heart rate recovery
- diastolic function
- exercise echocardiography
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine