Monitoring anticoagulation using the activated clotting time (ACT) in patients treated with heparin and undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is one of the most frequently used tests in invasive cardiology. However, despite its widespread use and guideline endorsement, uncertainty remains regarding the association of ACT with outcomes in contemporary practice. We reviewed all PCI procedures performed at the Mayo Clinic (Rochester, Minnesota) from October 2001 to December 2012 and evaluated the association between the ACT before device activation and in-hospital and 1-year outcomes. ACT values were grouped into tertiles for descriptive purposes and analyzed as a continuous variable for assessment of outcomes. We used logistic and Cox proportional hazards regression models to estimate the association of ACT and outcomes. Of the 12,055 patients who underwent PCI with an ACT value before device activation, 3,977 (33.0%) had an ACT <227, 4,046 (33.6%) had an ACT 227 to 285, and 4,032 (33.4%) had an ACT >285. Baseline and procedural characteristics were similar across ACT tertiles. In unadjusted analysis, higher ACT values were associated with death (p <0.001), bleeding (p = 0.024), procedural complication (p <0.001), and higher 1-year events (cardiac death, p <0.001; cardiac death/myocardial infarction, p = 0.022). After multivariable adjustment for baseline and procedural characteristics, ACT was not independently associated with in-hospital or 1-year ischemic, thrombotic, or bleeding outcomes. In conclusion, ACT values before device activation are not independently associated with clinically important outcomes in contemporary PCI practice.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine