Relapse Rates With Surgery Alone in Human Papillomavirus–Related Intermediate- and High-Risk Group Oropharynx Squamous Cell Cancer: A Multi-Institutional Review

David M. Routman, Ryan K. Funk, Kanograt Tangsriwong, Alexander Lin, Michael G. Keeney, Joaquín J. García, Matthew A. Zarka, Jason T. Lewis, David G. Stoddard, Eric J. Moore, Courtney N. Day, Qihui Zhai, Katharine A. Price, John N. Lukens, Samuel Swisher-McClure, Gregory S. Weinstein, Bert W. O'Malley, Robert L. Foote, Daniel J. Ma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose To evaluate whether historic risk categories and indications for adjuvant therapy in the pre–human papillomavirus (HPV) and pre–transoral surgery (TOS) era were associated with clinically significant relapse rates in HPV+ oropharyngeal squamous cell cancer patients undergoing TOS. Methods and Materials A multi-institutional retrospective review of intermediate- and high-risk HPV+ oropharyngeal squamous cell cancer patients not receiving adjuvant therapy after TOS was performed. Perineural invasion, lymphovascular invasion, T3-T4, or ≥N2 disease were considered to be intermediate-risk factors, and extracapsular extension or positive margins were considered to be high-risk features, according to established risk categories. Results Median follow-up was 42.9 months. Among all 53 patients, the 3-year cumulative incidence of relapse was 26.0%. The 3-year cumulative incidence was 11.8% in the 37 intermediate-risk patients and 52.4% in the 16 high-risk patients. On univariate analysis only high-risk status was significantly associated with an increased risk of relapse (hazard ratio 3.9; P=.018). The salvage rate for relapse was 77%, with 10 of 13 patients undergoing salvage therapy. Conclusions Risk category was associated with clinically significant relapse rates after TOS alone in HPV+ oropharyngeal cancer, comparable to historical data and traditional indications for adjuvant therapy for all oropharyngeal cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)938-946
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Volume99
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 15 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research

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