Objectives: To determine the rate of successful prosthetic fitting in geriatric vascular amputees in the community and to determine predictors of successful fit. Design: Epidemiologic survey. Setting: General community, Olmsted County, Minnesota. Patients: All Olmsted County residents more than 65 years old who had a major lower extremity amputation (below knee amputation [BKA] or higher) for peripheral vascular disease between 1974-1995, of whom 199 were identified. Median age at amputation was 79.7 years with a median survival of 1.5 years. Intervention: A retrospective chart review. Main Outcome Measure: Successful prosthetic fit. Results: Amputation levels were: 64% BKA, 4.5% knee disarticulation, 31% above knee amputation (AKA), and 0.5% hip disarticulation. Only 36% of the population was successfully fitted, compared with 74% of patients referred to the Amputee Clinic. Major reasons for not being fitted included death, reamputation, cerebrovascular disease, and cognitive deficits. Increased age (p < .001), cerebrovascular disease (p < .001), dementia (p = .002), and AKA (p < .001) were associated with failure to fit. Conclusion: The high probability of successful prosthetic fitting reported among referral practices cannot be generalized to unselected elderly individuals. However, selected individuals can successfully be fitted with a prosthesis; knowledge of predictors of prosthetic fitting may facilitate setting of realistic goals during presurgical counseling in this age group.
- Artificial limbs
- Prostheses and implants
- Treatment outcome
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation