Regulation of intracellular calcium oscillations in porcine tracheal smooth muscle cells

Y. S. Prakash, Mathur S. Kannan, Gary C. Sieck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

113 Scopus citations

Abstract

Using real-time confocal microscopy, we examined the dynamic intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+](i)) response of porcine tracheal smooth muscle (TSM) cells to acetylcholine (ACh). Exposure to ACh caused regenerative, propagating [Ca2+](i) oscillations. The amplitude and fall time of the [Ca2+](i) oscillations were inversely correlated to basal [Ca2+](i), whereas the frequency and rise time were directly correlated to basal [Ca2+](i). ACh-induced [Ca2+](i) oscillations were initiated in the absence of extracellular Ca2+ and after membrane depolarization with KCl, suggesting that 1) [Ca2+](i) oscillations primarily arise by release from internal stores such as the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) and 2) Ca2+ influx is necessary for maintenance of oscillations. Exposure to both caffeine and ryanodine inhibited ongoing ACh-induced [Ca2+](i) oscillations, suggesting a role for caffeine-sensitive ryanodine receptor (RyR) SR Ca2+ channels. Inhibition of SR Ca2+ reuptake by thapsigargin increased basal [Ca2+](i) and decreased [Ca2+](i) oscillation amplitude, suggesting that Ca2+ reuptake is also essential. The present results suggest that [Ca2+](i) oscillations in porcine TSM cells involve repetitive Ca2+ release and reuptake from RyR channels, perhaps through a Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release mechanism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)C966-C975
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Volume272
Issue number3 41-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1997

Keywords

  • airway
  • ryanodine
  • sarcoplasmic reticulum
  • second messenger

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cell Biology

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