Regulation of direct adipose tissue free fatty acid storage during mixed meal ingestion and high free fatty acid concentration conditions

Lili Zhang, Kazanna C. Hames, Michael D. Jensen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We found that direct free fatty acid (FFA) storage (fatty acid cycling back into adipose tissue) in leg vs. abdominal subcutaneous fat is related to regional differences in adipose tissue diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT) activity under high-FFA conditions and to differences in adipose tissue acyl-CoA synthetase (ACS)activity under meal ingestion conditions. We also found that direct FFA storage rates in leg fat were significantly less in physically active than sedentary adults. Direct FFA storage into adipocytes relates to body fat distribution. Adipose tissue CD36, ACS, and DGAT may account for some of the between-depot and interindividual variability in FFA storage. These studies were to test whether CD36, ACS, or DGAT might be important for direct palmitate storage under meal ingestion or high-FFA conditions. We measured upper (UBSQ) and lower body subcutaneous (LBSQ) adipose tissue FFA storage rates by infusing palmitate tracers intravenously and performing adipose biopsies under hypoinsulinemic (high-FFA) and mixed-meal conditions. We recruited five postmenopausal women, physically active males (5) and females (5), and sedentary males (5) and females (5). We found that 1) the ratio of UBSQ to LBSQ DGAT activity predicted the ratio of palmitate storage [adjusted R = 0.25, F = 8.0, P = 0.01, 95% CI (0.07, 0.48)] under high-FFA conditions; 2) the ratio of UBSQ to LBSQ ACS activity predicted the ratio of palmitate storage under meal conditions [adjusted R = 0.18, F = 6.3, P = 0.02, 95% CI (0.12, 1.28)]; 3) LBSQ direct palmitate storage rates were significantly less in physically active than sedentary and 4) adipose tissue CD36 protein content, ACS, or DGAT activities did not independently predict palmitate storage rates. We conclude that physically active adults have lesser fatty acid cycling back into adipose tissue and that adipose ACS and DGAT may affect competition between UBSQ and LBSQ adipose for direct palmitate storage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E208-E218
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume320
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2021

Keywords

  • Acyl-CoA synthetase
  • CD36
  • Diacylglycerol acyltransferase
  • Fitness
  • Palmitate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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