Regulation of a potassium-selective current in rabbit corneal epithelium by cyclic GMP, carbachol and diltiazem

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of cyclic GMP (cGMP), carbachol and diltiazem on a potassium-selective, delayed-rectifier current in freshly dissociated rabbit corneal epithelial cells were studied using a modified perforated-patch-clamp technique. The current was stimulated by both 500 μM cGMP (2.3-4.5-fold, mean = 2.9) and 250 nM carbachol, a muscarinic agonist (1.12-7.04-fold, mean = 3.8), and the stimulated current was totally blocked by diltiazem (10 μM). The effects of cGMP appeared to be, at least in part, different from those of carbachol as they required the presence of external calcium. Single-channel data suggest that cGMP and carbachol activate the potassium current by increasing the open probability of the channel via a second-messenger system and that the action of diltiazem is probably through a direct blocking effect on the open channel.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)99-107
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Membrane Biology
Volume129
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1992

Fingerprint

Corneal Epithelium
Diltiazem
Cyclic GMP
Carbachol
Potassium
Rabbits
Muscarinic Agonists
Second Messenger Systems
Patch-Clamp Techniques
Epithelial Cells
Calcium

Keywords

  • Carbachol
  • Cyclic GMP
  • Diltiazem
  • Patch clamp
  • Potassium current
  • Rabbit corneal epithelium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Cell Biology
  • Physiology

Cite this

Regulation of a potassium-selective current in rabbit corneal epithelium by cyclic GMP, carbachol and diltiazem. / Farrugia, Gianrico; Rae, J. L.

In: Journal of Membrane Biology, Vol. 129, No. 1, 1992, p. 99-107.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - The effects of cyclic GMP (cGMP), carbachol and diltiazem on a potassium-selective, delayed-rectifier current in freshly dissociated rabbit corneal epithelial cells were studied using a modified perforated-patch-clamp technique. The current was stimulated by both 500 μM cGMP (2.3-4.5-fold, mean = 2.9) and 250 nM carbachol, a muscarinic agonist (1.12-7.04-fold, mean = 3.8), and the stimulated current was totally blocked by diltiazem (10 μM). The effects of cGMP appeared to be, at least in part, different from those of carbachol as they required the presence of external calcium. Single-channel data suggest that cGMP and carbachol activate the potassium current by increasing the open probability of the channel via a second-messenger system and that the action of diltiazem is probably through a direct blocking effect on the open channel.

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