Regional ventilation in statically and dynamically hyperinflated dogs

Rolf D. Hubmayr, Susan S. Margulies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Using the parenchymal marker technique in normal anesthetized dogs, we compared the dynamics of regional lung expansion between two ventilation strategies designed to increase mean thoracic volume. Dynamic hyperinflation (DH) was produced by ventilating the lungs at a rate of 50 breaths/min and with a duty cycle of 0.5. Static hyperinflation (SH) was produced through the application of extrinsic positive end-expiratory pressure while the lungs were ventilated at a rate of 15 breaths/min and with a duty cycle of 0.15. Regional tidal volume (VT,r), regional functional residual volume, and the time delay between regional expansion and the flow signal at the common airway were computed for up to 100 regions/lobe in 5 animals. Ventilation strategy had no effect on the overall variance of VT,r within lobes. Although the VT,r measured during SH correlated with VT,r measured during DH, the average correlation coefficient was only 0.69. Ventilation rate-related differences in VT,r and regional functional residual capacity varied with the regional time delay in ways qualitatively consistent with parallel inhomogeneity of unit time constants. However, a large component of frequency-dependent behavior remains unexplained by established mechanisms. We conclude that DH and SH should not be considered equivalent lung unit recruitment strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1815-1821
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of applied physiology
Volume81
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1996

Keywords

  • lung mechanics
  • mechanical ventilation
  • parenchymal marker technique

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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