We performed the quasi-static single-breath oxygen test (SBO2) in 16 excised canine lower lung lobes while the lobes were first suspended in air and then later immersed in stable foams that provided a vertical transpulmonary pressure gradient. In lobes suspended in air, an approximately linear alveolar plateau (AP) was obtained. The AP during foam immersion was markedly curvilinear, with phase IV seen at end expiration. The observed AP during foam immersion could be predicted by a mathematical model that assumed a homogeneous transpulmonary pressure-regional volume relationship equal to the overall pressure-volume (PV) relationship measured with the lobe suspended in air. The accuracy of this model was further confirmed by measuring the washout of nitrogen injected into different lung regions through alveolar capsules. We also used the model to examine the relationship between the onset of dependent airway closure and two of its proposed indicators: the onset of phase IV and the inflection point of the overall PV relationship. In most lobes, the lung volume at the onset of phase IV was less than the modeled lung volume at dependent airway closure. The lung volume at the inflection point was always less than the modeled lung volume at dependent airway closure. We show that the overall PV relationship measured in lobes suspended in air provides an accurate estimate of regional PV relationships during foam immersion.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)