The Greig polysyndactyly-craniofacial anomalies syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder involving a gene(s) located in band 7p13. We have isolated and characterized a reciprocal 3;7 chromosome translocation that resulted in the syndrome. We have identified two closely linked (0 cM) conserved DNA sequences ( P137 p944B) that flank the translocation breakpoint. A pulsed-fleld analysis combined with available genetic linkage information demonstrates that the disorder is linked (2 cM) to the T-γ receptor locus, lending considerable support to the hypothesis that the mouse mutant extra-toes is the counterpart of the Greig syndrome. We have found no evidence that physically links the EGF receptor to the P137 p944B region, again compatible with mouse linkage relationships. The isolation of the der(3) chromosome from the 3;7 translocation has allowed us to regionally localize probes within the 3p21.1 band. For three probes commonly used in heterozygosity experiments with human cancers involving chromosome 3, we have determined that the order from centromere to telomere is D3S3, D3S2, and DNF15S2. Our pulsed-field studies also demonstrate the utility of band density differences combined with partial digests in evaluating linkage relationships. The P13 p944B probes should be useful in examining other hereditary disorders with phenotypic similarities to the Greig syndrome.
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