Background and purpose: A subset of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) present with early and prominent language impairment (aphasic AD). Our previous study demonstrated an association between global β-amyloid burden measured on [11C] Pittsburgh compound B (PiB) positron emission tomography and general cognitive impairment, but not with aphasia, in such subjects. As a follow-up, whether there is any association between regional β-amyloid burden, atrophy on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and global cognitive impairment, aphasia or other cognitive and functional impairment in aphasic AD is assessed. Methods: Forty-four aphasic AD subjects who underwent PiB scanning and volumetric MRI and were determined to be positive for β-amyloid deposition were analyzed. All had completed detailed neurological, neuropsychological and language batteries. Spearman's rank-order correlation was utilized to assess for associations. Results: Greater visuospatial impairment was associated with increased β-amyloid burden in the primary visual cortex (P = 0.001). Although there were many trends for associations between neurocognitive and language deficits and regional β-amyloid burden, there were no strong associations that survived correction for multiple comparisons. However, neurocognitive and language impairment in these subjects strongly correlated with the degree of left lateral temporal and inferior parietal atrophy (P < 0.004). Conclusions: The findings from this study suggest a close relation between the severity of regional atrophy and cognitive and language impairment, but argue against a strong association between regional β-amyloid burden and such deficits in aphasic AD subjects. Hence, other pathological factors may be driving the previously identified association between global β-amyloid deposition and general cognitive impairment in aphasic AD.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology