Regenerative Medicine and the Biliary Tree

Thiago M. De Assuncao, Nidhi Jalan-Sakrikar, Robert C. Huebert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Despite decades of basic research, biliary diseases remain prevalent, highly morbid, and notoriously difficult to treat. We have, however, dramatically increased our understanding of biliary developmental biology, cholangiocyte pathophysiology, and the endogenous mechanisms of biliary regeneration and repair. All of this complex and rapidly evolving knowledge coincides with an explosion of new technological advances in the area of regenerative medicine. New breakthroughs such as induced pluripotent stem cells and organoid culture are increasingly being applied to the biliary system; it is only a matter of time until new regenerative therapeutics for the cholangiopathies are unveiled. In this review, the authors integrate what is known about biliary development, regeneration, and repair, and link these conceptual advances to the technological breakthroughs that are collectively driving the emergence of a new global field in biliary regenerative medicine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17-27
Number of pages11
JournalSeminars in liver disease
Volume37
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2017

Keywords

  • biliary tree
  • cholangiocytes
  • organoids
  • regenerative medicine
  • stem cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology

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