Reduction in Right Atrial Pressures Is Associated With Hemodynamic Improvements After Transcatheter Edge-to-Edge Repair of the Tricuspid Valve

Madeline K. Mahowald, Rick A. Nishimura, Sorin V. Pislaru, Sunil V. Mankad, Vuyisile T. Nkomo, Ratnasari Padang, Jeremy J. Thaden, Mohamad Alkhouli, Mayra Guerrero, Charanjit S. Rihal, Mackram F. Eleid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Investigational transcatheter edge-to-edge repair (TEER) for severe tricuspid regurgitation (TR) has shown promise as an alternative to surgery, but factors influencing outcomes, optimal patient selection, and procedural timing remain incompletely defined. Given the limitations of determining TR severity by conventional echocardiography, our objectives were to determine whether invasive right atrial (RA) pressures performed during the procedure are related to patient outcomes. METHODS: This study was a retrospective review of patients who underwent off-label tricuspid TEER using MitraClip (Abbott Vascular, Menlo Park, CA) for significant TR at a single institution. Intraprocedural mean RA pressure, RA peak V-wave, RA pressure nadir, and systolic increase in RA pressure (XV height) were recorded. RESULTS: Thirty-eight patients underwent tricuspid TEER; 33 underwent concomitant mitral TEER for mitral regurgitation. The study cohort was 39% female with a mean age of 78.6±14.3 years. Median follow-up was 339 days (interquartile range, 100-601). Any reduction in mean RA pressure, RA peak V-wave, RA nadir, and XV height occurred in 74%, 82%, 45%, and 87% of patients, respectively. At 1 year, event-free survival was 47%. Postprocedure XV height correlated with TR severity as determined by echocardiography (P<0.0001). The highest quartile of postprocedure XV height (>8 mm Hg) had worse event-free survival compared with those who had concluding XV height ≤8 mm Hg (P=0.02). Attainment of a concluding XV height less than or equal to median value was associated with a lower creatinine the next day (1.27±0.47 versus 1.64±0.47 mg/dL, P=0.04). CONCLUSIONS: Intraprocedural XV height correlates with TR severity after tricuspid TEER, and lower concluding pressures are associated with improved outcomes. Analysis of RA pressures may serve as a complementary tool for the evaluation of disease severity and procedural guidance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e010557
JournalCirculation. Cardiovascular interventions
Volume14
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2021

Keywords

  • echocardiography
  • heart failure
  • hemodynamic
  • mitral valve
  • tricuspid valve

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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