Reduction in Healthcare Utilization With Transition to Peptide-Based Diets in Intolerant Home Enteral Nutrition Patients

Manpreet S. Mundi, Saketh Velapati, Aravind R. Kuchkuntla, Ryan T. Hurt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Since the introduction of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy in the 1980s, the prevalence of home enteral nutrition (HEN) support has increased significantly. Despite these increases, many patients are unable to tolerate standard polymeric formulas (SPFs), resulting in significant healthcare resource utilization. Peptide-based diets (PBDs) have emerged as a viable option in SPF-intolerant patients; however, data in the HEN population are lacking. Methods: Retrospective review of our prospectively maintained HEN database was conducted to assess tolerance, efficacy, and impact on healthcare utilization in patients on PBDs. Results: From January 1, 2016, to May 1, 2018, 95 patients were placed on PBDs, with 53 patients being started directly and 42 patients being transitioned from SPFs. In patients transitioned to PBDs, symptoms of nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and distention improved significantly. Healthcare utilization also declined significantly, including mean number of phone calls (1.8 ± 1.6 to 1.1 ± 0.9, P = 0.006), mean number of emergency room visits (0.3 ± 0.6 to 0.09 ± 0.3, P = 0.015), and mean number of provider visits (1.3 ± 1.3 to 0.3 ± 0.5, P < 0.0001). Conclusions: Overall, PBDs were well tolerated and resulted in significant improvements in symptoms of gastrointestinal distress and healthcare utilization in patients intolerant to SPFs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)487-494
Number of pages8
JournalNutrition in Clinical Practice
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2020

Keywords

  • enteral formulas
  • enteral nutrition
  • home enteral nutrition
  • peptide-based diet
  • polymeric formulas

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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