Recurring episodes of Bell's mania after cerebrovascular accident

William V. Bobo, Michael J. Murphy, Stephan H. Heckers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Bell's mania (mania with delirium) is an acute neurobehavioral syndrome of unknown etiology that is characterized by the rapid onset of grandiosity, psychomotor excitement, emotional lability, psychosis, and sleep disruption consistent with mania, coupled with alterations in sensorium, and disorientation characteristic of delirium. Catatonia is a common feature of the syndrome. Method: The authors describe a case of recurrent delirium/mania with prominent catatonic features after a cerebellar and pontine stroke, and subsequent successful treatment with lorazepam. Results: Symptoms quickly resolved after antipsychotics were discontinued, with continuation of valproate and lorazapam treatment. Discussion: Failure to recognize this patient's syndrome as a form of catatonia could have had severe, even life-threatening, consequences. The use of neuroleptic medications in cases of delirium/mania with catatonic signs may result in marked clinical deterioration, whereas high-dose lorazepam can ameliorate catatonic signs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)285-288
Number of pages4
JournalPsychosomatics
Volume50
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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