Recommendations on disease management for patients with advanced human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive breast cancer and brain metastases: American Society of Clinical Oncology clinical practice guideline

Naren Ramakrishna, Sarah Temin, Sarat Chandarlapaty, Jennie R. Crews, Nancy E. Davidson, Francisco J. Esteva, Sharon H. Giordano, Ana M. Gonzalez-Angulo, Jeffrey J. Kirshner, Ian Krop, Jennifer Levinson, Shanu Modi, Debra A. Patt, Edith A. Perez, Jane Perlmutter, Eric P. Winer, Nancy U. Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Purpose: To provide formal expert consensus-based recommendations to practicing oncologists and others on the management of brain metastases for patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) -positive advanced breast cancer. Methods: The American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) convened a panel of medical oncology, radiation oncology, guideline implementation, and advocacy experts and conducted a systematic review of the literature. When that failed to yield sufficiently strong quality evidence, the Expert Panel undertook a formal expert consensus-based process to produce these recommendations. ASCO used a modified Delphi process. The panel members drafted recommendations, and a group of other experts joined them for two rounds of formal ratings of the recommendations. Results: No studies or existing guidelines met the systematic review criteria; therefore, ASCO conducted a formal expert consensus-based process. Recommendations: Patients with brain metastases should receive appropriate local therapy and systemic therapy, if indicated. Local therapies include surgery, whole-brain radiotherapy, and stereotactic radiosurgery. Treatments depend on factors such as patient prognosis, presence of symptoms, resectability, number and size of metastases, prior therapy, and whether metastases are diffuse. Other options include systemic therapy, best supportive care, enrollment onto a clinical trial, and/or palliative care. Clinicians should not perform routine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to screen for brain metastases, but rather should have a low threshold for MRI of the brain because of the high incidence of brain metastases among patients with HER2-positive advanced breast cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2100-2108
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Volume32
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2014

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Ramakrishna, N., Temin, S., Chandarlapaty, S., Crews, J. R., Davidson, N. E., Esteva, F. J., Giordano, S. H., Gonzalez-Angulo, A. M., Kirshner, J. J., Krop, I., Levinson, J., Modi, S., Patt, D. A., Perez, E. A., Perlmutter, J., Winer, E. P., & Lin, N. U. (2014). Recommendations on disease management for patients with advanced human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive breast cancer and brain metastases: American Society of Clinical Oncology clinical practice guideline. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 32(19), 2100-2108. https://doi.org/10.1200/JCO.2013.54.0955