Recommendations for the Assessment of Carotid Arterial Plaque by Ultrasound for the Characterization of Atherosclerosis and Evaluation of Cardiovascular Risk: From the American Society of Echocardiography

Amer M. Johri, Vijay Nambi, Tasneem Z. Naqvi, Steven B. Feinstein, Esther S.H. Kim, Margaret M. Park, Harald Becher, Henrik Sillesen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Atherosclerotic plaque detection by carotid ultrasound provides cardiovascular disease risk stratification. The advantages and disadvantages of two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound methods for carotid arterial plaque quantification are reviewed. Advanced and emerging methods of carotid arterial plaque activity and composition analysis by ultrasound are considered. Recommendations for the standardization of focused 2D and 3D carotid arterial plaque ultrasound image acquisition and measurement for the purpose of cardiovascular disease stratification are formulated. Potential clinical application towards cardiovascular risk stratification of recommended focused carotid arterial plaque quantification approaches are summarized.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)917-933
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Volume33
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2020

Keywords

  • Atherosclerosis
  • Carotid plaque
  • Risk stratification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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