Reciprocal regulation of expression of pore-forming KATP channel genes by hypoxia

M. Melamed-Frank, A. Terzic, A. J. Carrasco, E. Nevo, A. Avivi, A. P. Levy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

The ATP-sensitive potassium (KATP) channel is thought to play an important role in the protection of heart and brain against tissue hypoxia. The genetic regulation of the components of the channel by hypoxia has not been previously described. Here, we investigated the regulation of the two pore-forming channel proteins, Kir6.1 and Kir6.2, in response to hypoxia in vivo and in vitro. We find that these two structurally-related inwardly-rectifying potassium channel proteins are reciprocally regulated by hypoxia in vivo, with upregulation of Kir6.1 and down-regulation of Kir6.2, thereby resulting in a significant change in the composition of the channel complex in response to hypoxia. In vitro we describe neuronal and cardiac cell lines in which Kir6.1 is up-regulated by hypoxia, demonstrating that Kir6.1 is a hypoxia-inducible gene. We conclude that the heart and brain display genetic plasticity in response to hypoxic stress through specific genetic reprograming of cytoprotective channel genes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)145-150
Number of pages6
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Volume225
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 10 2001

Keywords

  • Gene expression
  • Hypoxia
  • Kir6.1
  • Kir6.2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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