Real-time intracardiac echocardiography validation of saline-enhanced radiofrequency needle-tip ablation: Lesion characteristics and gross pathology correlation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aims: With the implementation of saline-enhanced radiofrequency (SERF) needle-tip ablation, real-time validation of lesion formation is needed for the controllable creation of transmural lesions. The aim of the study was to analyse the ability of two-dimensional intracardiac echocardiography (2D-ICE) to guide and validate SERF ablation in real-time. Methods and results: Fifty-six SERF energy deliveries at left ventricular sites of 11 dogs guided by 2D-ICE were analysed (power: 15-50 W; time: 25-120 s; irrigation saline: 60°C with 10 mL/min flow rate). Catheter tip/tissue orientation and lesion formation could be well detected by 2D-ICE in 49 (87.5%) energy deliveries. Gross pathology analysis confirmed excellent 2D-ICE lesion localization, the ability to detect transmural lesions (70% sensitivity, 47% specificity) and positive correlation between 2D-ICE and the corresponding gross pathology measurements of 'maximal lesion depth'; (repeated measures correlation: Rrm = 0.43, P = 0.012) and 'depth at maximal lesion width' (D@MW; rrm = 0.51, P = 0.003). The median angle between SERF catheter tip and endocardium was 76° [interquartile range (IQR) 58-83°]. The more perpendicular the catheter tip/tissue orientation was the deeper D@MW (rrm = 0.32, P = 0.045). Grade 3 microbubbles on 2D-ICE during ablation, indicating inadequate catheter tip/tissue contact, was associated with smaller lesion volumes than with Grade 1 microbubbles (284.8 mm3 [IQR 151.3-343.1] vs. 2114.1 mm3 [IQR 1437.0-3026.3], P < 0.001). Conclusion: With excellent lesion localization and a 70% detection rate of transmural lesions, 2D-ICE is well suited to validate SERF ablation lesion formation in real-time. The catheter tip/tissue angle impacts the lesion formation and through perpendicular catheter positioning, deeper intramural areas of the myocardium can be reached.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1826-1836
Number of pages11
JournalEuropace
Volume23
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2021

Keywords

  • Lesion characteristics
  • Radiofrequency ablation
  • Real-time intracradiac echocardiography
  • Saline-enhanced radiofrequency needle-tip ablation
  • Ventricular arrhythmias
  • Ventricular tachycardia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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