Real-time estimation of the ECG-Derived Respiration (EDR) signal using a new algorithm for baseline wander noise removal

Shivaram P. Arunachalam, Lewis F. Brown

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Numerous methods have been reported for deriving respiratory information such as respiratory rate from the electrocardiogram (ECG). In this paper the authors present a real-time algorithm for estimation and removal of baseline wander (BW) noise and obtaining the ECG-derived respiration (EDR) signal for estimation of a patient's respiratory rate. This algorithm utilizes a real-time "T-P knot" baseline wander removal technique which is based on the repetitive backward subtraction of the estimated baseline from the ECG signal. The estimated baseline is interpolated from the ECG signal at midpoints between each detected R-wave. As each segment of the estimated baseline signal is subtracted from the ECG, a "flattened" ECG signal is produced for which the amplitude of each R-wave is analyzed. The respiration signal is estimated from the amplitude modulation of R-waves caused by breathing. Testing of the algorithm was conducted in a pseudo real-time environment using MATLAB™, and test results are presented for simultaneously recorded ECG and respiration recordings from the PhysioNet/PhysioBank Fantasia database. Test data from patients were chosen with particularly large baseline wander components to ensure the reliability of the algorithm under adverse ECG recording conditions. The algorithm yielded EDR signals with a respiration rate of 4.4 breaths/min. for Fantasia patient record f2y10 and 10.1 breaths/min. for Fantasia patient record f2y06. These were in good agreement with the simultaneously recorded respiration data provided in the Fantasia database thus confirming the efficacy of the algorithm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Subtitle of host publicationEngineering the Future of Biomedicine, EMBC 2009
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Pages5681-5684
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)9781424432967
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009
Event31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society: Engineering the Future of Biomedicine, EMBC 2009 - Minneapolis, MN, United States
Duration: Sep 2 2009Sep 6 2009

Publication series

NameProceedings of the 31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society: Engineering the Future of Biomedicine, EMBC 2009

Other

Other31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society: Engineering the Future of Biomedicine, EMBC 2009
CountryUnited States
CityMinneapolis, MN
Period9/2/099/6/09

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Medicine(all)

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