Real-time analysis of the detailed sequence of cellular events in mAb-mediated complement-dependent cytotoxicity of B-cell lines and of chronic lymphocytic leukemia B-cells

Margaret A. Lindorfer, Erika M. Cook, Jillian C. Tupitza, Clive S. Zent, Richard Burack, Rob N. de Jong, Frank J. Beurskens, Janine Schuurman, Paul W H I Parren, Ronald P. Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Complement-dependent cytotoxicity is an important mechanism of action of certain mAbs used in cancer immunotherapy, including ofatumumab and rituximab. However, the detailed sequence of cellular changes that occur in nucleated cells attacked by mAb and complement has not been delineated. Recently developed CD20 mAbs, engineered to form hexamers on binding to cells, react with B-cells in serum, chelate C1q, and then activate complement and promote cell killing considerably more effectively than their wild-type precursors. We used these engineered mAbs as a model to investigate the sequence of events that occur when mAbs bind to B-cell lines and to primary cells from patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia and then activate complement. Based on four-color confocal microscopy real-time movies and high resolution digital imaging, we find that after CD20 mAb binding and C1q uptake, C3b deposits on cells, followed by Ca2+ influx, revealed by bright green signals generated on cells labeled with FLUO-4, a Ca2+ indicator. The bright FLUO-4/Ca2+ signal fades, replaced by punctate green signals in mitochondria, indicating Ca2+ localization. This step leads to mitochondrial poisoning followed by cell death. The entire sequence is completed in

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-23
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular Immunology
Volume70
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Complement-dependent cytotoxicity
  • Immunotherapy
  • Real-time movies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Immunology

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    Lindorfer, M. A., Cook, E. M., Tupitza, J. C., Zent, C. S., Burack, R., de Jong, R. N., Beurskens, F. J., Schuurman, J., Parren, P. W. H. I., & Taylor, R. P. (2016). Real-time analysis of the detailed sequence of cellular events in mAb-mediated complement-dependent cytotoxicity of B-cell lines and of chronic lymphocytic leukemia B-cells. Molecular Immunology, 70, 13-23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molimm.2015.12.007