Rare variants in XRCC2 as breast cancer susceptibility alleles

Florentine S. Hilbers, Juul T. Wijnen, Nicoline Hoogerbrugge, Jan C. Oosterwijk, Margriet J. Collee, Paolo Peterlongo, Paolo Radice, Siranoush Manoukian, Irene Feroce, Fabio Capra, Fergus J. Couch, Xianshu Wang, Lucia Guidugli, Kenneth Offit, Sohela Shah, Ian G. Campbell, Ella R. Thompson, Paul A. James, Alison H. Trainer, Javier GraciaJavier Benitez, Christi J. van Asperen, Peter Devilee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


Background: Recently, rare germline variants in XRCC2 were detected in non-BRCA1/2 familial breast cancer cases, and a significant association with breast cancer was reported. However, the breast cancer risk associated with these variants needs further evaluation. Methods: The coding regions and exon-intron boundaries of XRCC2 were scanned for mutations in an international cohort of 3548 non-BRCA1/2 familial breast cancer cases and 1435 healthy controls using various mutation scanning methods. Predictions on functional relevance of detected missense variants were obtained from three different prediction algorithms. Results: The only protein-truncating variant detected was found in a control. Rare non-protein-truncating variants were detected in 20 familial cases (0.6%) and nine healthy controls (0.6%). Although the number of variants predicted to be damaging or neutral differed between prediction algorithms, in all instances these categories were evenly represented among cases and controls. Conclusions: Our data do not confirm an association between XRCC2 variants and breast cancer risk, although a relative risk smaller than two could not be excluded. Variants in XRCC2 are unlikely to explain a substantial proportion of familial breast cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)618-620
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of medical genetics
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)


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