The mRNA levels of genes known to be regulated by sex steroids are not altered until 1 hr or longer after steroid treatment, although the steroid receptor complexes are bound to nuclear acceptor sites within 5 min. In a search for early regulation of gene transcription, total chick oviduct RNA was isolated at various times after injection (i.p.) of progesterone and analyzed for c-myc expression. Levels of c-myc mRNA began to decrease in response to progesterone by 10 min after injection. The mRNA levels continued to decrease, reached a 70% reduction at 30 min, and returned to control values by 8 hr after steroid injection. Changes in α-tubulin mRNA levels were markedly less in these same RNA preparations. The effect was dependent on the dose of the steroid and was target-tissue specific. These changes occurred much more rapidly than changes in egg-white protein mRNA levels. Vehicle alone did not alter c-myc mRNA levels. Early regulated genes such as c-myc may represent the initial site of action of steroid receptors in the genome.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - 1988|
ASJC Scopus subject areas