Rapid estimation of regurgitant volume by the proximal isovelocity surface area method in mitral regurgitation: Can continuous-wave doppler echocardiography be omitted?

A. Rossi, K. S. Dujardin, Kent R Bailey, J. B. Seward, Maurice E Sarano

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29 Scopus citations


The proximal isovelocity surface area (PISA) method is accurate for quantitating mitral regurgitation but requires recording both mitral maximal and integrated jet velocities using the same continuous-wave Doppler jet signal. In 272 consecutive patients with isolated mitral regurgitation, the mean ratio of maximal to integral of velocity had a narrow range of variation (mean ± SD, 3.25 ± 0.47). The estimated regurgitant volume, calculated as regurgitant flow/3.25, showed an excellent correlation with reference regurgitant volumes (r = 0.96 and r = 0.97; standard error of the estimate, 11 ml; both p < 0.0001), with limited overestimation and high sensitivity and specificity for severe mitral regurgitation. The estimated regurgitant volume is a useful measurement in patients in whom the continuous-wave Doppler signal of mitral regurgitation cannot be obtained.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)138-148
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1998


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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