Purpose: Southwest Oncology Group 9504 demonstrated the feasibility and potential benefit of docetaxel consolidation after etoposide, cisplatin, and radiotherapy in patients with locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer. Our study assessed consolidation with either gemcitabine alone or with docetaxel after identical chemoradiation as used in Southwest Oncology Group 9504. Methods: Patients with stage III non-small cell lung cancer and good performance status were included. Treatment consisted of concurrent cisplatin 50 mg/m 2 on days 1 and 8 plus etoposide 50 mg/m2 on days 1 to 5 for two 28-day cycles plus radiotherapy (62 Gy, 2 Gy daily in 31 fractions over 7 weeks), followed by randomization to either gemcitabine 1000 mg/m on days 1 and 8 (G) or gemcitabine 1000 mg/m2 on days 1 and 8 plus docetaxel 75 mg/m2 on day 1 (GD) every 21 days for three cycles. Results: Eighty-three patients were entered, 81 received induction therapy, and 64 were randomized (32 in each arm). Grade 3 or four events, including neutropenia (56.3% vs. 28.1%, p = 0.03), anemia (18.8% vs. 3.1%, p = 0.05), and fatigue (15.6% vs. 6.3%, p = NS), were more frequent with GD compared with G. Among all patients, median survival from registration was 20.8 months (95% confidence interval: 16.4-33.8), and 2-year survival was 46.7% (95% confidence interval: 35.6-57.1). From randomization, median progression-free survival was 5.4 months for G and 13.4 months for GD, and median survival was 16.1 months for G and 29.5 months for GD. Two-year survival rates were 40.6% for G and 55.7% for GD. Conclusion: The doublet, as expected, resulted in more toxicity, particularly myelosuppression and fatigue. Survival associated with the GD treatment arm of this trial exceeds that of previously reported trials.
- Stage IIIA/B
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine