Randomized clinical trial of long-acting somatostatin for autosomal dominant polycystic kidney and liver disease

Marie C. Hogan, Tetyana V. Masyuk, Linda J. Page, Vickie J. Kubly, Eric J. Bergstralh, Xujian Li, Bohyun Kim, Bernard F. King, James Glockner, David R. Holmes, Sandro Rossetti, Peter C. Harris, Nicholas F. LaRusso, Vicente E. Torres

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Abstract

There are no proven, effective therapies for polycystic kidney disease (PKD) or polycystic liver disease (PLD). We enrolled 42 patients with severe PLD resulting from autosomal dominant PKD (ADPKD) or autosomal dominant PLD (ADPLD) in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of octreotide, a long-acting somatostatin analogue. We randomly assigned 42 patients in a 2:1 ratio to octreotide LAR depot (up to 40 mg every 28 ± 5 days) or placebo for 1 year. The primary end point was percent change in liver volume from baseline to 1 year, measured by MRI. Secondary end points were changes in total kidney volume, GFR, quality of life, safety, vital signs, and clinical laboratory tests. Thirty-four patients had ADPKD, and eight had ADPLD. Liver volume decreased by 4.95% ± 6.77% in the octreotide group but remained practically unchanged (+0.92% ± 8.33%) in the placebo group (P = 0.048). Among patients with ADPKD, total kidney volume remained practically unchanged (+0.25% ± 7.53%) in the octreotide group but increased by 8.61% ± 10.07% in the placebo group (P = 0.045). Changes in GFR were similar in both groups. Octreotide was well tolerated; treated individuals reported an improved perception of bodily pain and physical activity. In summary, octreotide slowed the progressive increase in liver volume and total kidney volume, improved health perception among patients with PLD, and had an acceptable side effect profile.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1052-1061
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Society of Nephrology
Volume21
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2010

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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