Background: Transcatheter mitral edge-to-edge repair (TEER) is an increasingly common procedure performed on patients with severe mitral regurgitation. This study assessed the impact of race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status on in-hospital complications after TEER. Methods: Cohort-based observational study using the National Inpatient Sample between October 2013 and December 2018. The population was stratified into 4 groups based on race/ethnicity and quartiles of neighborhood income levels. The primary outcome was in-hospital complications, defined as the composite of death, bleeding, cardiac and vascular complications, acute kidney injury, and ischemic stroke. Results: 3795 hospitalizations for TEER were identified. Patients of Black and Hispanic race/ethnicity comprised 7.4% and 6.4%, respectively. We estimated that White patients received TEER with a frequency of 38.0/100,000, compared to 29.7/100,000 for Blacks and 30.5/100,000 for Hispanics. In-hospital complications occurred in 20.2% of patients and no differences were found between racial/ethnic groups (P = 0.06). After multilevel modelling, Black and Hispanic patients had similar rate of overall in-hospital complications (OR: 0.84, CI:0.67–1.05 and OR: 0.84, CI:0.66–1.07, respectively) as compared to White patients, however, higher rates of death were observed in Black patients. Individuals living in income quartile-1 had worse in-hospital outcomes as compared to quartile-4 (OR: 1.19, CI:0.99–1.42). Conclusion: In this study assessing racial/ethnic disparities in TEER outcomes, aged-adjusted race/ethnicity minorities were less underrepresented as compared to other structural heart interventions. Black patients experienced a higher rate of in-hospital death, but similar overall rate of post-procedural adverse events as compared to White patients. Lower income levels appear to negatively impact on in-hospital outcomes. Brief summary: This study appraises race/ethnic and socioeconomical disparities in access and outcomes following transcatheter mitral edge-to-edge repair. Racial minority groups were less underrepresented as compared to other structural heart interventions. While Black patients experienced a higher rate of in-hospital death, they experienced similar overall rate of post-procedural complications compared to White patients. Lower income levels also appeared to negatively impact on outcomes.
- Mitral valve regurgitation
- Racial disparities
- Socioeconomic inequality
- Transcatheter mitral valve repair
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine