Quantitative studies on T cell diversity. II. Determination of the frequencies and Lyt phenotypes of two types of precursor cells for alloreactive cytotoxic T cells in polyclonally and specifically activated splenic T cells

J. Goronzy, U. Schaefer, K. Eichmann, M. M. Simon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Two different limiting dilution systems have been applied to compare precursor frequencies of alloreactive cytotoxic cells (CTL-P) in polyclonally and specifically activated lymphocyte populations and in selected Lyt T cell subsets. Both systems make use of T cell growth factor for T cell expansion but differ with respect to the activation step in that lymphocytes are either activated directly with allogeneic stimulator cells or are sensitized polyclonally with concanavalin A (Con A) in bulk culture before their expansion under limiting dilution conditions. In polyclonally activated C57BL/6 lymphocyte populations, two types of CTL-P specific for H-2(d) alloantigens could be identified: a frequent set with a frequency of 1/100-1/300, and a rare set with a frequency of 1/2,000-1/8,000. In contrast, only a single CTL-P set was found in specifically activated populations with a frequency similar to that of the frequent CTL-P found in Con A blasts. In Con A blasts, the frequent CTL-P, which only became apparent at low cell concentrations, were inhibited at higher cell concentrations by suppressor T cells, whereas rare CTL-P were insensitive to this suppressive mechanism. Whereas in specifically activated T cells, the predominant CTL-P phenotype was Lyt-123, the predominant Lyt phenotypes for the frequent and the rare CTL-P found in Con A blasts were Lyt-123 and Lyt-23, respectively, which suggests that they represent primary and secondary CTL-P, respectively. The results are discussed with respect to previous reports on the involvement of Lyt T cell subsets in the generation of cytotoxic responses and their regulation by T suppressor cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)857-870
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Experimental Medicine
Volume153
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1981

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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