Quantitative Blood Volume Analysis and Hemodynamic Measures of Vascular Compliance in Patients With Worsening Heart Failure

VISHAL N. Rao, JENNIFER ANDREWS, WILLARD N. APPLEFELD, JAMES M. GRAY, JEROEN MOLINGER, G. MICHAEL FELKER, WAYNE L. MILLER, MANESH R. PATEL, ADRIAN F. HERNANDEZ, MARAT FUDIM

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The role of blood volume (BV) expansion vs a change in vascular compliance in worsening heart failure (HF) remains under debate. We aimed to assess the relationship between BV and resting and stress hemodynamics in worsening HF and to further elucidate the significance of BV in cardiac decompensation. Methods and Results: Patients with worsening HF underwent radiolabeled indicator-dilution BV analysis and cardiac catheterization. Intravascular volumes and resting/stress hemodynamics were recorded. Provocative stress maneuvers included change in systolic blood pressure (ΔSBP) from lying to standing and Valsalva and intracardiac pressure changes with leg raise. Correlation between BV and invasive hemodynamics were assessed by linear regression. Of 27 patients with worsening HF, patients’ characteristics included mean age 61 ± 12 years, 70% male, 19% Black, and mean ejection fraction 29% ± 15%. Of the patients, 13 (48%) had hypervolemia as measured by total BV, which weakly correlated with ΔSBP by position (R2 = 0.009) and Valsalva (R2 = 0.003) and with right atrial (R2 = 0.049) and pulmonary capillary wedge (R2 = 0.047) pressure changes during leg raise. Conclusions: In patients with worsening HF, BV mildly correlated with intracardiac pressures at rest. Provocative maneuvers intended to test vascular compliance did not correlate with BV, indicating that compliance may serve as a stand-alone metric in HF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Cardiac Failure
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • blood volume analysis
  • cardiovascular compliance
  • invasive hemodynamic phenotyping
  • Worsening heart failure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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