Quantitative analysis and parametric display of regional myocardial mechanics

Christian D. Eusemann, Matthias E. Bellemann, Richard A. Robb

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Quantitative assessment of regional heart motion has significant potential for more accurate diagnosis of heart disease and/or cardiac irregularities. Local heart motion may be studied from medical imaging sequences. Using functional parametric mapping, regional myocardial motion during a cardiac cycle can be color mapped onto a deformable heart model to obtain better understanding of the structure-to-function relationships in the myocardium, including regional patterns of akinesis or diskinesis associated with ischemia or infarction. In this study, 3D reconstructions were obtained from the Dynamic Spatial Reconstructor (DSR) at 15 time points throughout one cardiac cycle of pre-infarct and post-infarct hearts. Deformable models were created from the 3-D images for each time point of the cardiac cycles. From these polygonal models, regional excursions and velocities of each vertex representing a unit of myocardium were calculated for successive time intervals. The calculated results were visualized through model animations and/or specially formatted static images. The time point of regional maximum velocity and excursion of myocardium through the cardiac cycle was displayed using color mapping. The absolute value of regional maximum velocity and maximum excursion were displayed in a similar manner. Using animations, the local myocardial velocity changes were visualized as color changes on the cardiac surface during the cardiac cycle. Moreover, the magnitude and direction of motion for individual segments of myocardium could be displayed. Comparisons of these dynamic parametric displays suggest that the ability to encode quantitative functional information on dynamic cardiac anatomy enhances the diagnostic value of 4D images of the heart. Myocardial mechanics quantified this way adds a new dimension to the analysis of cardiac functional disease, including regional patterns of akinesis and diskinesis associated with ischemia and infarction. Similarly, disturbances in regional contractility and filling may be detected and evaluated using such measurements and displays.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)238-247
Number of pages10
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume3976
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000
EventMedical Imaging 2000: Image Display and Visualization - San Diego, CA, USA
Duration: Feb 13 2000Feb 15 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Quantitative analysis and parametric display of regional myocardial mechanics'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this