Quantifying passive muscle stiffness in children with and without cerebral palsy using ultrasound shear wave elastography

Joline E. Brandenburg, Sarah F. Eby, Pengfei Song, Shirley Kingsley-Berg, William Bamlet, Gary C Sieck, Kai Nan An

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations


Aim: The aim of this study was to compare passive muscle stiffness in children with cerebral palsy (CP) and children with typical development using a novel ultrasound technique: ultrasound shear wave elastography (SWE). Method: We conducted a prospective study of 13 children with CP (six females and seven males, median age 5y 1mo [interquartile range 4y 4mo-7y 8mo]) and 13 children with typical development (six females and seven males, median age 5y 3mo [interquartile range 4y 4mo-9y 4mo]). Demographic information and physical exam measurements were obtained in addition to shear modulus measurements (passive muscle stiffness) of the lateral gastrocnemius muscle at 20° plantar flexion, 10° plantar flexion, and 0° plantar flexion using SWE. Results: Children with CP had significantly greater shear modulus measurements at all three foot positions (p

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalDevelopmental Medicine and Child Neurology
StateAccepted/In press - 2016


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental Neuroscience

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