To assess whether plasma glycerol could be directly derived from plasma glucose, nine postabsorptive dogs were infused with [U-14C] glucose and [2-3H] glycerol to measure the rates of appearance of plasma glucose and glycerol and the conversion of plasma glucose to glycerol before (basal) and after two hours of infusion of glucose (45 μmol/kg/min). Basally (plasma glucose 4.9 ± 0.2 mmol/L; plasma insulin 5.9 ± 0.2 μU/mL), rates of appearance of plasma glucose and glycerol were 20 ± 2 and 5.9 ± 1.3 μmol/kg/min, respectively, and 1.6 ± 0.6% of plasma glycerol was derived from plasma glucose. After glucose infusion (plasma glucose 9.1 ± 0.7 mmol/L; plasma insulin 21.1 ± 1.9 μU/mL), the rate of appearance of plasma glycerol decreased 80% to 1.1 ± 0.3 μmol/kg/min and the percent of plasma glycerol from glucose increased significantly to 6.9 ± 2.9. However, the absolute rate of conversion of glucose to glycerol did not change (0.09 ± 0.03 v 0.07 ± 0.03 μmol/kg/min). We conclude that even under conditions of stimulated glycolysis and inhibited lipolysis, only a small amount of plasma glycerol is derived from plasma glucose. Thus, rates of appearance of plasma glycerol can be used as a measure of rates of overall lipolysis in vivo.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism