Quantification of feline immunodeficiency virus(FIV) proviral DNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of cats infected with japanese strains of FIV

Yasuo Inoshima, Keizo Tomonaga, Yasuhiro Ikeda, Takayuki Miyazawa, Takeshi Mikami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method was applied for measurement of the proviral DNA copy number of feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of cats experimentally and naturally infected with FIV. In experimentally infected cats except one cat infected with the Petaluma strain, FIV-specific DNAs were efficiently amplified with the PCR method under the conditions used in this study. In the naturally FIV-infected cats, the specific DNAs were also amplified. We established a quantitative method for measurement of proviral DNA copy number in PBMC from cats infected with TM2-type of FIV strains, and found that the number was variable among the six cats examined, ranging from 104.0 to 105.7 copies per 105 PBMCs. This method can be applicable to cats naturally infected with FIV of TM2-type. Proviral DNA quantitation developed here could be useful as an additional parameter to evaluate the relationships among the proviral load, immune response and development of the clinical symptoms, and to monitor efficacy of antiviral therapy in vivo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)487-492
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Veterinary Medical Science
Volume57
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1995

Keywords

  • FIV
  • PCR
  • proviral DNA
  • quantification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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