Quality of life in chronic pancreatitis: A prospective trial comparing classical whipple procedure and duodenum-preserving pancreatic head resection

Helmut Witzigmann, Doreen Max, Dirk Uhlmann, Felix Geißler, Stefan Ludwig, Reinhold Schwarz, Oliver Krauß, Tobias Lohmann, Volker Keim, Johann Hauss, M. Zenilman, M. Sarr, L. Traverso, R. Bell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

60 Scopus citations

Abstract

Few data are available with respect to quality of life after pancreatic head resection in patients with chronic pancreatitis. The aim of this study was to compare the classical Whipple pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) with the Beger duodenum-preserving pancreatic head resection (DPPHR), in terms of quality of life, using standardized, valid, and reliable questionnaires. Sixty-five consecutive patients were included in this study. The PD procedure was chosen when pancreatic cancer could not be ruled out (n = 30); otherwise DPPHR was performed (n = 35). Quality of life was measured prospectively three times with the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality-of-Life Questionnaire (QLQ-C30) and the Gastrointestinal Quality-of-Life Index (GIQLI). Both procedures led to a significant improvement in quality of life, especially with regard to pain status. However, at the second followup examination (18 to 24 months postoperatively), all functional scales and the most important symptom scales of the EORTC QLQ-C30 revealed a better quality of life in the DPPHR group compared to the PD group. After classical PD, more patients seem to develop diabetes mellitus. The EORTC QLQ-C30 was found to be a better tool for quality-of-life assessment than the GIQLI in patients with chronic pancreatitis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)173-180
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2002

Keywords

  • Chronic pancreatitis
  • Duodenum-preserving pancreatic head resection
  • Pancreatoduodenectomy
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Gastroenterology

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    Witzigmann, H., Max, D., Uhlmann, D., Geißler, F., Ludwig, S., Schwarz, R., Krauß, O., Lohmann, T., Keim, V., Hauss, J., Zenilman, M., Sarr, M., Traverso, L., & Bell, R. (2002). Quality of life in chronic pancreatitis: A prospective trial comparing classical whipple procedure and duodenum-preserving pancreatic head resection. Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery, 6(2), 173-180. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1091-255X(01)00023-3