Purification and characterization of an osteoclast membrane glycoprotein with homology to manganese superoxide dismutase

Merry Jo Oursler, L. Li, P. Osdoby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The osteoclast is the specialized multinucleated cell primarily responsible for the degradation of the inorganic and organic components of bone matrix. Isolated avian osteoclasts have been used to immunize mice and generate an osteoclast-directed monoclonal antibody library (J. Cell Biology, 100:1592). A subset of these monoclonal antibodies recognizes antigens which are expressed on osteoclasts and which are absent or nearly so on multinucleated giant cells formed in vitro from monocyte or marrow mononuclear cells. One of these antibodies, designated 121F, has been used to identify and purify an osteoclast plasma membrane-associated glycoprotein. Western blot analysis on disulfide bond-reduced extracts from osteoclasts or multinucleated giant cells formed in vitro demonstrates that the 121F antibody recognizes a 150 kDa protein detectable only in osteoclasts. This high molecular weight protein has been purified by a combination of immunoaffinity and gel filtration chromatography procedures, in conjunction with electroelution of a single band from SDS-polyacrylamide gels. Silver staining of the purified antigen on SDS-polyacrylamide gels has revealed a single protein species larger than 200 kDa in its unreduced form and 150 kDa when disulfides are reduced. Isoelectric focusing of the purified antigen reveals a single species, having a neutral pI point of 6.95. Whereas endoglycosidase treatment and lectin affinity chromatographic analyses demonstrate that the antigen recognized by the 121F antibody possesses complex N-linked sugars, trifluoromethanesulfonic acid treatment indicates there are no additional O-linked carbohydrate components. Periodate oxidation and monosaccharide hapten inhibition studies provide no evidence for the antigenic epitope bound by the 121F antibody being carbohydrate in nature. Although the native antigen is blocked at its N-terminus, amino acid analysis of a hydroxylamine generated peptide disclosed a striking relationship between the osteoclast antigen recognized by the 121F monoclonal antibody and manganese and iron superoxide dismutase. Therefore, in addition to serving as a distinguishing cell type-specific marker for osteoclasts, this cell surface glycoprotein may function directly in osteoclast-mediated bone resorption.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)219-233
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Cellular Biochemistry
Volume46
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Membrane Glycoproteins
Osteoclasts
Superoxide Dismutase
Purification
Antigens
Antibodies
Monoclonal Antibodies
Giant Cells
Disulfides
Bone
Carbohydrates
Cytology
Sugar Acids
Hydroxylamine
Silver Staining
Bone Matrix
Proteins
Monosaccharides
Haptens
Glycoside Hydrolases

Keywords

  • membrane glycoprotein
  • osteoclast
  • superoxide dismutase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Purification and characterization of an osteoclast membrane glycoprotein with homology to manganese superoxide dismutase. / Oursler, Merry Jo; Li, L.; Osdoby, P.

In: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry, Vol. 46, No. 3, 1991, p. 219-233.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{a661dc13b3f442d19aab9f3d5024f108,
title = "Purification and characterization of an osteoclast membrane glycoprotein with homology to manganese superoxide dismutase",
abstract = "The osteoclast is the specialized multinucleated cell primarily responsible for the degradation of the inorganic and organic components of bone matrix. Isolated avian osteoclasts have been used to immunize mice and generate an osteoclast-directed monoclonal antibody library (J. Cell Biology, 100:1592). A subset of these monoclonal antibodies recognizes antigens which are expressed on osteoclasts and which are absent or nearly so on multinucleated giant cells formed in vitro from monocyte or marrow mononuclear cells. One of these antibodies, designated 121F, has been used to identify and purify an osteoclast plasma membrane-associated glycoprotein. Western blot analysis on disulfide bond-reduced extracts from osteoclasts or multinucleated giant cells formed in vitro demonstrates that the 121F antibody recognizes a 150 kDa protein detectable only in osteoclasts. This high molecular weight protein has been purified by a combination of immunoaffinity and gel filtration chromatography procedures, in conjunction with electroelution of a single band from SDS-polyacrylamide gels. Silver staining of the purified antigen on SDS-polyacrylamide gels has revealed a single protein species larger than 200 kDa in its unreduced form and 150 kDa when disulfides are reduced. Isoelectric focusing of the purified antigen reveals a single species, having a neutral pI point of 6.95. Whereas endoglycosidase treatment and lectin affinity chromatographic analyses demonstrate that the antigen recognized by the 121F antibody possesses complex N-linked sugars, trifluoromethanesulfonic acid treatment indicates there are no additional O-linked carbohydrate components. Periodate oxidation and monosaccharide hapten inhibition studies provide no evidence for the antigenic epitope bound by the 121F antibody being carbohydrate in nature. Although the native antigen is blocked at its N-terminus, amino acid analysis of a hydroxylamine generated peptide disclosed a striking relationship between the osteoclast antigen recognized by the 121F monoclonal antibody and manganese and iron superoxide dismutase. Therefore, in addition to serving as a distinguishing cell type-specific marker for osteoclasts, this cell surface glycoprotein may function directly in osteoclast-mediated bone resorption.",
keywords = "membrane glycoprotein, osteoclast, superoxide dismutase",
author = "Oursler, {Merry Jo} and L. Li and P. Osdoby",
year = "1991",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "46",
pages = "219--233",
journal = "Journal of Cellular Biochemistry",
issn = "0730-2312",
publisher = "Wiley-Liss Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Purification and characterization of an osteoclast membrane glycoprotein with homology to manganese superoxide dismutase

AU - Oursler, Merry Jo

AU - Li, L.

AU - Osdoby, P.

PY - 1991

Y1 - 1991

N2 - The osteoclast is the specialized multinucleated cell primarily responsible for the degradation of the inorganic and organic components of bone matrix. Isolated avian osteoclasts have been used to immunize mice and generate an osteoclast-directed monoclonal antibody library (J. Cell Biology, 100:1592). A subset of these monoclonal antibodies recognizes antigens which are expressed on osteoclasts and which are absent or nearly so on multinucleated giant cells formed in vitro from monocyte or marrow mononuclear cells. One of these antibodies, designated 121F, has been used to identify and purify an osteoclast plasma membrane-associated glycoprotein. Western blot analysis on disulfide bond-reduced extracts from osteoclasts or multinucleated giant cells formed in vitro demonstrates that the 121F antibody recognizes a 150 kDa protein detectable only in osteoclasts. This high molecular weight protein has been purified by a combination of immunoaffinity and gel filtration chromatography procedures, in conjunction with electroelution of a single band from SDS-polyacrylamide gels. Silver staining of the purified antigen on SDS-polyacrylamide gels has revealed a single protein species larger than 200 kDa in its unreduced form and 150 kDa when disulfides are reduced. Isoelectric focusing of the purified antigen reveals a single species, having a neutral pI point of 6.95. Whereas endoglycosidase treatment and lectin affinity chromatographic analyses demonstrate that the antigen recognized by the 121F antibody possesses complex N-linked sugars, trifluoromethanesulfonic acid treatment indicates there are no additional O-linked carbohydrate components. Periodate oxidation and monosaccharide hapten inhibition studies provide no evidence for the antigenic epitope bound by the 121F antibody being carbohydrate in nature. Although the native antigen is blocked at its N-terminus, amino acid analysis of a hydroxylamine generated peptide disclosed a striking relationship between the osteoclast antigen recognized by the 121F monoclonal antibody and manganese and iron superoxide dismutase. Therefore, in addition to serving as a distinguishing cell type-specific marker for osteoclasts, this cell surface glycoprotein may function directly in osteoclast-mediated bone resorption.

AB - The osteoclast is the specialized multinucleated cell primarily responsible for the degradation of the inorganic and organic components of bone matrix. Isolated avian osteoclasts have been used to immunize mice and generate an osteoclast-directed monoclonal antibody library (J. Cell Biology, 100:1592). A subset of these monoclonal antibodies recognizes antigens which are expressed on osteoclasts and which are absent or nearly so on multinucleated giant cells formed in vitro from monocyte or marrow mononuclear cells. One of these antibodies, designated 121F, has been used to identify and purify an osteoclast plasma membrane-associated glycoprotein. Western blot analysis on disulfide bond-reduced extracts from osteoclasts or multinucleated giant cells formed in vitro demonstrates that the 121F antibody recognizes a 150 kDa protein detectable only in osteoclasts. This high molecular weight protein has been purified by a combination of immunoaffinity and gel filtration chromatography procedures, in conjunction with electroelution of a single band from SDS-polyacrylamide gels. Silver staining of the purified antigen on SDS-polyacrylamide gels has revealed a single protein species larger than 200 kDa in its unreduced form and 150 kDa when disulfides are reduced. Isoelectric focusing of the purified antigen reveals a single species, having a neutral pI point of 6.95. Whereas endoglycosidase treatment and lectin affinity chromatographic analyses demonstrate that the antigen recognized by the 121F antibody possesses complex N-linked sugars, trifluoromethanesulfonic acid treatment indicates there are no additional O-linked carbohydrate components. Periodate oxidation and monosaccharide hapten inhibition studies provide no evidence for the antigenic epitope bound by the 121F antibody being carbohydrate in nature. Although the native antigen is blocked at its N-terminus, amino acid analysis of a hydroxylamine generated peptide disclosed a striking relationship between the osteoclast antigen recognized by the 121F monoclonal antibody and manganese and iron superoxide dismutase. Therefore, in addition to serving as a distinguishing cell type-specific marker for osteoclasts, this cell surface glycoprotein may function directly in osteoclast-mediated bone resorption.

KW - membrane glycoprotein

KW - osteoclast

KW - superoxide dismutase

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0025836015&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0025836015&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 1723067

AN - SCOPUS:0025836015

VL - 46

SP - 219

EP - 233

JO - Journal of Cellular Biochemistry

JF - Journal of Cellular Biochemistry

SN - 0730-2312

IS - 3

ER -