Pulmonary consequences of chronic liver diseases can be classified in terms of their effects on the pleural space, lung parenchyma (airways and interstitium), and pulmonary circulation. Clinically, such liver-lung problems can result in varying degrees of hypoxemia, restrictive or obstructive lung physiology, and pulmonary hemodynamic abnormalities. This review addresses some of the recent clinical literature and emphasizes liver- lung problems from the pulmonary perspective, including concerns that arise in liver transplant candidates.
- Hepatic hydrothorax
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine