Psychosocial outcomes and health status of adults who have had juvenile rheumatoid arthritis

A controlled population-based study

Lynne Peterson, Thomas Mason, Audrey M. Nelson, W. Michael O'Fallon, Sherine E. Gabriel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

141 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective. The goal of this study was to evaluate the physical and psychosocial impact of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) among a population-based cohort of adults who had the disease during childhood, compared with a control cohort of subjects with no history of IRA. Methods. The Rochester Epidemiology Project database was used to identify all cases of JRA (based on the American College Rheumatology [formerly, the American Rheumatism Association] 1977 criteria) among Rochester, Minnesota residents first diagnosed between January 1, 1960 and December 31, 1993. Controls were age- and sex-matched to the cases as of the date of diagnosis of JRA. A pretested postal survey was mailed to all adult cases (whose date of birth was before December 31, 1975) and matched controls from the same population, to obtain information on socioeconomic issues and functional status (using the Health Assessment Questionnaire and the Health Status Questionnaire). The complete medical records of all cases and controls were reviewed to obtain information on demographics and clinical manifestations of JRA. Results. Of the 50 eligible cases, 44 (88%) responded to the survey. There were 102 age- and sex-matched controls (2-3 per case) who responded to the survey. Seventy-three percent of the cases had pauciarticular-onset JRA, 16% had polyarticular-onset JRA, and 11% had systemic-onset JRA. Average followup was 24.7 years and 24.5 years after the index date for cases and controls, respectively. Greater disability (P = 0.0002), more bodily pain (P = 0.0002), increased fatigue (P = 0.0112), poorer health perception (P = 0.0004), and decreased physical functioning (P = 0.0002) were reported by the cases compared with the controls. JRA cases reported significantly lower rates of employment (P = 0.0015) and lower levels of exercise (P = 0.0002) than did controls. Level of educational achievement, annual income, health insurance status, and rate of pregnancy and childbirth were similar for both cases and controls. Conclusion. Adults who have had JRA during childhood experience long-term physical and psychosocial impairment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2235-2240
Number of pages6
JournalArthritis and Rheumatism
Volume40
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1997

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Juvenile Arthritis
Health Status
Population
Parturition
Educational Status
Insurance Coverage
Rheumatology
Pregnancy Rate
Health Insurance
Rheumatic Diseases
Medical Records
Fatigue
Epidemiology
Demography
Surveys and Questionnaires
Databases
Exercise
Pain
Health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Rheumatology

Cite this

Psychosocial outcomes and health status of adults who have had juvenile rheumatoid arthritis : A controlled population-based study. / Peterson, Lynne; Mason, Thomas; Nelson, Audrey M.; O'Fallon, W. Michael; Gabriel, Sherine E.

In: Arthritis and Rheumatism, Vol. 40, No. 12, 12.1997, p. 2235-2240.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Psychosocial outcomes and health status of adults who have had juvenile rheumatoid arthritis: A controlled population-based study",
abstract = "Objective. The goal of this study was to evaluate the physical and psychosocial impact of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) among a population-based cohort of adults who had the disease during childhood, compared with a control cohort of subjects with no history of IRA. Methods. The Rochester Epidemiology Project database was used to identify all cases of JRA (based on the American College Rheumatology [formerly, the American Rheumatism Association] 1977 criteria) among Rochester, Minnesota residents first diagnosed between January 1, 1960 and December 31, 1993. Controls were age- and sex-matched to the cases as of the date of diagnosis of JRA. A pretested postal survey was mailed to all adult cases (whose date of birth was before December 31, 1975) and matched controls from the same population, to obtain information on socioeconomic issues and functional status (using the Health Assessment Questionnaire and the Health Status Questionnaire). The complete medical records of all cases and controls were reviewed to obtain information on demographics and clinical manifestations of JRA. Results. Of the 50 eligible cases, 44 (88{\%}) responded to the survey. There were 102 age- and sex-matched controls (2-3 per case) who responded to the survey. Seventy-three percent of the cases had pauciarticular-onset JRA, 16{\%} had polyarticular-onset JRA, and 11{\%} had systemic-onset JRA. Average followup was 24.7 years and 24.5 years after the index date for cases and controls, respectively. Greater disability (P = 0.0002), more bodily pain (P = 0.0002), increased fatigue (P = 0.0112), poorer health perception (P = 0.0004), and decreased physical functioning (P = 0.0002) were reported by the cases compared with the controls. JRA cases reported significantly lower rates of employment (P = 0.0015) and lower levels of exercise (P = 0.0002) than did controls. Level of educational achievement, annual income, health insurance status, and rate of pregnancy and childbirth were similar for both cases and controls. Conclusion. Adults who have had JRA during childhood experience long-term physical and psychosocial impairment.",
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N2 - Objective. The goal of this study was to evaluate the physical and psychosocial impact of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) among a population-based cohort of adults who had the disease during childhood, compared with a control cohort of subjects with no history of IRA. Methods. The Rochester Epidemiology Project database was used to identify all cases of JRA (based on the American College Rheumatology [formerly, the American Rheumatism Association] 1977 criteria) among Rochester, Minnesota residents first diagnosed between January 1, 1960 and December 31, 1993. Controls were age- and sex-matched to the cases as of the date of diagnosis of JRA. A pretested postal survey was mailed to all adult cases (whose date of birth was before December 31, 1975) and matched controls from the same population, to obtain information on socioeconomic issues and functional status (using the Health Assessment Questionnaire and the Health Status Questionnaire). The complete medical records of all cases and controls were reviewed to obtain information on demographics and clinical manifestations of JRA. Results. Of the 50 eligible cases, 44 (88%) responded to the survey. There were 102 age- and sex-matched controls (2-3 per case) who responded to the survey. Seventy-three percent of the cases had pauciarticular-onset JRA, 16% had polyarticular-onset JRA, and 11% had systemic-onset JRA. Average followup was 24.7 years and 24.5 years after the index date for cases and controls, respectively. Greater disability (P = 0.0002), more bodily pain (P = 0.0002), increased fatigue (P = 0.0112), poorer health perception (P = 0.0004), and decreased physical functioning (P = 0.0002) were reported by the cases compared with the controls. JRA cases reported significantly lower rates of employment (P = 0.0015) and lower levels of exercise (P = 0.0002) than did controls. Level of educational achievement, annual income, health insurance status, and rate of pregnancy and childbirth were similar for both cases and controls. Conclusion. Adults who have had JRA during childhood experience long-term physical and psychosocial impairment.

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