Providing Epidemiological Data in Lumbar Spine Imaging Reports Did Not Affect Subsequent Utilization of Spine Procedures: Secondary Outcomes from a Stepped-Wedge Randomized Controlled Trial

Pradeep Suri, Eric N. Meier, Laura S. Gold, Zachary A. Marcum, Sandra K. Johnston, Kathryn T. James, Brian W. Bresnahan, Michael O'Reilly, Judith A. Turner, David F. Kallmes, Karen J. Sherman, Richard A. Deyo, Patrick H. Luetmer, Andrew L. Avins, Brent Griffith, Patrick J. Heagerty, Sean D. Rundell, Jeffrey G. Jarvik, Janna L. Friedly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of inserting epidemiological information into lumbar spine imaging reports on subsequent nonsurgical and surgical procedures involving the thoracolumbosacral spine and sacroiliac joints. DESIGN: Analysis of secondary outcomes from the Lumbar Imaging with Reporting of Epidemiology (LIRE) pragmatic stepped-wedge randomized trial. SETTING: Primary care clinics within four integrated health care systems in the United States. SUBJECTS: 238,886 patients ≥18 years of age who received lumbar diagnostic imaging between 2013 and 2016. METHODS: Clinics were randomized to receive text containing age- and modality-specific epidemiological benchmarks indicating the prevalence of common spine imaging findings in people without low back pain, inserted into lumbar spine imaging reports (the "LIRE intervention"). The study outcomes were receiving 1) any nonsurgical lumbosacral or sacroiliac spine procedure (lumbosacral epidural steroid injection, facet joint injection, or facet joint radiofrequency ablation; or sacroiliac joint injection) or 2) any surgical procedure involving the lumbar, sacral, or thoracic spine (decompression surgery or spinal fusion or other spine surgery). RESULTS: The LIRE intervention was not significantly associated with subsequent utilization of nonsurgical lumbosacral or sacroiliac spine procedures (odds ratio [OR] = 1.01, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.93-1.09; P = 0.79) or any surgical procedure (OR = 0.99, 95 CI 0.91-1.07; P = 0.74) involving the lumbar, sacral, or thoracic spine. The intervention was also not significantly associated with any individual spine procedure. CONCLUSIONS: Inserting epidemiological text into spine imaging reports had no effect on nonsurgical or surgical procedure utilization among patients receiving lumbar diagnostic imaging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1272-1280
Number of pages9
JournalPain medicine (Malden, Mass.)
Volume22
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 4 2021

Keywords

  • Epidural Injections
  • Injection
  • Injections
  • Lumbar
  • Radiofrequency Ablation
  • Radiology
  • Spine
  • Zygapophyseal Joint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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