Objective: To define the proteomic profile of sporadic late-onset nemaline myopathy (SLONM) and explore its pathogenesis. Methods: We performed mass spectrometry on laser-dissected frozen muscle samples from five patients with SLONM, three of whom with an associated monoclonal protein (MP), and four controls, to determine the proteomic profile of SLONM. Furthermore, we assessed the role of the MP by evaluating the expression of the immunoglobulin light chain variable regions (IGVL). Results: There were 294 differentially expressed proteins: 272 upregulated and 22 downregulated. Among the top 100 upregulated proteins, the most common categories were: nuclear or nucleic acid metabolism (24%), extracellular matrix and basal lamina (17%), immune response (13%), and actin dynamics (8%). Downregulated proteins consisted mostly of contractile proteins. Among upregulated proteins, there were 65 with a role related to the immune system, including eight proteins involved in major histocompatibility complex 1 (MHC1) and antigen processing, 15 in MHCII complex and phagocytosis, and 23 in B and/or T-cell function. Among nine upregulated immunoglobulin proteins, there were two IGVL genes. However, these were also detected in SLONM cases without an MP, with no evidence of clonally dominant immunoglobulin deposition. In muscle sections from SLONM patients, nemaline rods tended to accumulate in atrophic fibers with marked rarefaction of the myofibrils. Increased MHC1 reactivity was present in fibers containing nemaline rods as well as adjacent nonatrophic fibers. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that aberrant immune activation is present in SLONM, but do not support a direct causal relationship between the MP and SLONM.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology