Proteomic alterations in extracellular vesicles induced by oncogenic PIK3CA mutations

Mayank Saraswat, Kishore Garapati, Jinyong Kim, Rohit Budhraja, Akhilesh Pandey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

PIK3CA is one of the most frequently mutated genes in human cancers, with the two most prevalent activating mutations being E545K and H1047R. Although the altered intracellular signaling pathways in these cells have been described, the effect of these mutations on their extracellular vesicles (EVs) has not yet been reported. To study altered cellular physiology and intercellular communication through proteomic analysis of EVs, MCF10A cells and their isogenic mutant versions (PIK3CA E545K and H1047R) were cultured and their EVs enriched by differential ultracentrifugation. Proteins were extracted, digested with trypsin and the peptides labeled with tandem mass tag (TMT) reagents and analyzed by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Four thousand six hundred and fifty-five peptides were identified from 579 proteins of which 522 proteins have been previously described in EVs. Relative quantitation revealed altered levels of EV proteins including several cell adhesion molecules. Mesothelin, E-cadherin, and epithelial cell adhesion molecule were elevated in both mutant cell-derived EVs. Markers of tumor invasion and progression like galectin-3 and transforming growth factor beta induced protein were increased in both mutants. Overall, activating mutations in PIK3CA result in altered EV composition with characteristic changes associated with these hotspot mutations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalProteomics
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • exosomes
  • mass spectrometry
  • oncogenic mutation
  • PI3K
  • proteomics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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