Prosthetic joint infection in solid organ transplant recipients: A retrospective case-control study

P. Vergidis, T. G. Lesnick, W. K. Kremers, R. R. Razonable

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Abstract:: Background: The clinical features and outcome of prosthetic joint infection (PJI) among solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients have not been characterized. We performed a retrospective, matched case-control study to examine potential risk factors. Methods: We reviewed cases of PJI among transplant recipients who were evaluated at the Mayo Clinic between 1989 and 2009. Cases were matched to non-infected controls based on transplant type, prosthetic joint type, and order of organ transplantation/joint implantation. Results: Among 367 patients with both a joint prosthesis and an SOT, there were 12 cases of infection in those receiving immunosuppression. These occurred in 8 renal recipients, 3 liver recipients, and 1 heart transplant recipient. Six subjects had hip and 6 had knee arthroplasty infections. The observed time to prosthesis failure ranged from 0.5 to 148 months after implantation. Gram-positive bacteria (staphylococci and streptococci) caused the infection in 8 subjects. Two cases were caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria, whereas the remaining 2 cases were culture-negative in the setting of antimicrobial use. We did not find a statistically significant association between obesity, diabetes mellitus, or antimicrobial prophylaxis (given in the setting of immunosuppression) and development of PJI. A marginal association was seen between surgical site infection and the risk of PJI; however, this did not reach statistical significance. Conclusion: In our series, infection was mainly caused by gram-positive bacterial pathogens, similar to the commonly encountered organisms in the immunocompetent host, although opportunistic pathogens were also isolated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)380-386
Number of pages7
JournalTransplant Infectious Disease
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2012

Keywords

  • Biofilm
  • Non-tuberculous mycobacteria
  • Prosthetic joint infection
  • Solid organ transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Transplantation

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