Prolonged Ventricular Conduction and Repolarization During Right Ventricular Stimulation Predicts Ventricular Arrhythmias and Death in Patients With Cardiomyopathy

Freddy Del-Carpio Munoz, Shahyar Gharacholou, Christopher G. Scott, Vuyisile T Nkomo, Francisco Lopez-Jimenez, Yong-Mei Cha, Thomas M. Munger, Paul Andrew Friedman, Samuel J Asirvatham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Objectives: The goal of this study was to evaluate whether prolonged ventricular conduction (paced QRS) and repolarization (paced QTc) times observed during ventricular stimulation predict ventricular arrhythmic events and death. Background: Abnormal ventricular conduction and repolarization can predispose patients to ventricular arrhythmias. Methods: Consecutive patients with left ventricular dysfunction (ejection fraction <50%) undergoing electrophysiology studies from January 2002 until May 2014 were identified at Mayo Clinic (Rochester, Minnesota). Patients were followed up until December 2014 for occurrence of ventricular arrhythmias and death. Results: Among the 501 patients included (mean age 65 years; mean left ventricular ejection fraction 33.1%), longer paced ventricular conduction was associated with longer baseline QRS duration, longer QT interval, and lower ejection fraction. On multivariable analysis, longer paced QRS duration was associated with higher risk of ventricular arrhythmia (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.11 per 10-ms increase; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.07 to 1.16; p < 0.001) and all-cause death or arrhythmia (HR: 1.09; 95% CI: 1.09 to 1.13; p < 0.001). A paced QRS duration >190 ms was associated with a 3.6 times higher risk of ventricular arrhythmia (HR: 3.6; 95% CI: 2.35 to 5.53; p < 0.001) and a 2.1 times higher risk of death or arrhythmia (HR: 2.12; 95% CI: 1.53 to 2.95; p < 0.001), independent of left ventricular function or baseline QRS duration. Longer QTc interval during ventricular pacing was associated with a higher risk of ventricular arrhythmia (HR: 1.03 per 10-ms increase; 95% CI: 1.02 to 1.12; p < 0.001) independent of paced QRS duration. Conclusions: Longer paced QRS duration and paced QTc interval predict ventricular arrhythmias in patients with cardiomyopathy. Ventricular conduction and repolarization prolongation during right ventricular pacing can determine the risk of ventricular arrhythmias.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJACC: Clinical Electrophysiology
StateAccepted/In press - 2017



  • Ventricular arrhythmias
  • Ventricular conduction
  • Ventricular repolarization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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