E55+ murine leukemia retrovirus (E55+ MuLV) infection of young and aged C57BL/6 (B6) mice was used to investigate the relationship between increased incidences of infection and decreased immune responsiveness of elderly individuals. Young mice decreased E55+MuLV burden to below detectable levels by 8 weeks postinfection (p.i.). In contrast, virus burden in aged mice did not reach undetectable levels until 20 weeks p.i. A significant T cell proliferative response to E55+ MuLV was detected from 2 to 12 weeks p.i. in young mice, but was never observed in aged mice. Both age groups demonstrated significant E55+MuLV-specific T-cell-mediated cytotoxic responses at 3 and 4 weeks p.i. and virus neutralizing antibody titers at 2, 4, 8, and 12 weeks p.i. In both cases, responses were consistently higher in young mice (P < 0.04 and P < 0.02, respectively). These results demonstrate that the observed delay in E55+MuLV clearance by aged mice is associated with an age-related decrease in the immune response to the virus.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - Nov 25 2001|
- CD4 T cell
- CD8 T cell
- Neutralizing antibody
ASJC Scopus subject areas