Whether concentric left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy (LVH) is a common precursor to depressed LV ejection fraction (EF) in humans is uncertain. From 1992 through 1994, 555 patients at our institution underwent echocardiography and had LVH (posterior or septal wall thickness <1.3 cm or concentric LVH noted) and normal LVEF. Of these, 220 (40%) had a follow-up assessment of LVEF by December 2008. The duration of follow-up was classified as short (≤7.5 years) or long (>7.5 years) term. The primary outcome was the development of a qualitatively depressed LVEF (mildly, moderately, or severely depressed). After a median follow-up of 7.5 years, 20% of the patients with concentric LVH developed a low LVEF. A low LVEF developed in 13% of subjects without interval myocardial infarction (MI) and 50% of subjects with interval MI during short-term follow-up (p <0.005). A low LVEF developed in 20% of subjects without interval MI and 44% of subjects with interval MI during long-term follow-up (p = 0.01). Of the subjects who developed a reduced LVEF, the relative wall thickness (median 0.5, 25th to 75th percentile 0.4 to 0.6) at follow-up was consistent with a concentric, rather than eccentric, phenotype. In conclusion, in patients with concentric LVH, the transition from a normal LVEF to a low LVEF was relatively infrequent (20%) after long-term follow-up in the absence of interval MI and usually did not result in a change in the LV geometry from a concentric to an eccentric phenotype.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine