Prognostic value of circulating pregnancy-associated plasma protein levels in patients with chronic stable angina

Ahmad A. Elesber, Cheryl A. Conover, Ali E. Denktas, Ryan J. Lennon, David R. Holmes, Michael T. Overgaard, Michael Christiansen, Claus Oxvig, Lilach O. Lerman, Amir Lerman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

72 Scopus citations


Aims: Unstable coronary atherosclerotic plaque can be present in patients with chronic stable coronary artery disease (CAD). Our objective was to assess whether measurement of plasma pregnancy-associated plasma protein (PAPP-A) level, a reflection of plaque instability, in patients with chronic stable CAD had an independent prognostic value on the subsequent incidence of death, acute coronary syndrome (ACS), and revascularization. Methods and results: Patients referred for coronary angiography were recruited. A cohort of 103 patients with stable symptoms for at least 6 weeks and with a coronary angiogram showing at least a 50% luminal diameter narrowing formed our study population. Median follow-up was 4.9 years. Mean age was 65±10 years. In a multivariable model that included CAD traditional risk factors, ejection fraction, extent of coronary atherosclerosis, prior history of myocardial infarction, prior revascularization, discharge medications, and C-reactive protein, the plasma PAPP-A was found to be significantly associated with the endpoint of future death [adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 5.29; 95% CI 1.27-22.0; P=0.023] and with the endpoint of future death and ACS (adjusted HR 3.56; 95% CI 1.27-10.0; P=0.015), but not with the endpoint of future death and revascularization. Conclusion: Measurement of plasma PAPP-A level in patients with chronic stable CAD has an independent prognostic value on the occurrence of death and ACS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1678-1684
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean heart journal
Issue number14
StatePublished - Jul 1 2006



  • Pregnancy-associated plasma protein
  • Stable coronary artery disease
  • Unstable atherosclerotic coronary plaque

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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