Prognostic impact of deficient DNA mismatch repair and KRAS and BRAF V600E mutations in patients with lymph-node-positive colon cancer

Aziz Zaanan, Jean Baptiste Bachet, Thierry André, Frank A. Sinicrope

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although tumor stage remains the key determinant of colorectal cancer prognosis and treatment, there is considerable stage-independent variability in clinical outcome. Molecular markers hold promise for explaining variations in clinical behavior, and may identify patient subsets with differential efficacy and survival after adjuvant chemotherapy, which is the standard of care for patients with lymph-node-positive, i.e., stage III, colon cancer. An increased understanding of the molecular evolution and progression of colorectal cancer has identified two major pathways of tumorigenesis that are characterized by chromosomal instability and by microsatellite instability. Microsatellite instability is a consequence of deficient DNA mismatch repair that is generally due to epigenetic inactivation of MLH1 in tumors that often carry mutations (V600E) in oncogenic BRAF. Activating BRAF V600E and KRAS mutations are mutually exclusive, and in this article, we review the current status of these mutations and the mismatch repair status as prognostic biomarkers in stage III colon cancers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)346-353
Number of pages8
JournalCurrent Colorectal Cancer Reports
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2014

Keywords

  • BRAF
  • Biomarker
  • Colorectal cancer
  • KRAS
  • Microsatellite instability
  • Prognosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Oncology
  • Gastroenterology

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