Procoagulant activity, but not number, of microparticles increases with age and in individuals after a single venous thromboembolism

B. A.L. Owen, A. Xue, J. A. Heit, W. G. Owen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Calibrated Automated Thrombogram (CAT), a plate-based assay that measures thrombin generation and inhibition in plasma samples, is modified to measure the procoagulant activity of phospholipid associated with plasma microparticles (MP). The assay uses a tissue factor trigger without addition of 4 μM exogenous phospholipid (PL) used in the standard CAT. Calibrated with 4:1 posphatidylcholine- phosphatidylserine (PCPS) liposomes, the assay defines a median of 40 nM procoagulant phospholipid (PPL) equivalents in plasma containing MPs from 50 normal donors, with a range from 20 - 200 nM. Like the standard CAT, the modified assay detected no difference in plasma from 36 individuals with a history of a single episode of venous thromboembolism. However the male cases had double the PPL activity, as measured by rate of thrombin generation, of females; and there was a significant correlation among cases of increased thrombin generation with age. In contrast, there were no gender disparities or age correlations among control plasmas. The findings suggest that procoagulant activity of plasma microparticles, facilitated by a simplified, one-stage plate-based assay, offer a promising avenue of investigation of mechanisms and management of venous thromboembolic disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)39-46
Number of pages8
JournalThrombosis research
Volume127
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2011

Keywords

  • Microparticles
  • Procoagulant phospholipid
  • Thrombin generation
  • Venous Thromboembolism (VTE)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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