The signal peptidases from both chicken oviduct and dog pancreas microsomes have been detected by a post-translational assay and, in the case of dog microsomes, by a cotranslational assay. This proteolytic activity is not sensitive to a variety of conventional protease inhibitors under the conditions used in these assays. Using a synthetic ester substrate, two additional activities have been observed in oviduct microsomes, but neither appears to correspond to the signal peptidase activity. Using cDNA as a probe for specific mRNAs, it was shown that polysomes, in the process of synthesizing secretory proteins, bind to microsomal membrane vesicles. This binding appears to be dependent on the nature of the translation product (presumably the specific signal peptide) rather than on the mRNA itself. In addition, pretreatment of the membrane vesicles with N-ethyl maleimide prevents the vectorial discharge and processing of several secretory proteins but does not inhibit the binding of their polysomes to membranes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences|
|State||Published - 1980|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)