Primary prevention of cancer

Michael J. Thun, Martha S. Linet, James R Cerhan, Christopher Haiman, David Schottenfeld

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Primary prevention has enormous potential to reduce the human, social, and economic costs of cancer worldwide. The following sections discuss the development and application of preventive interventions in six broad areas of public health: tobacco control, the prevention of obesity and physical inactivity, prevention of infection-related cancers, protection against excessive exposure to ultraviolet light, preventive drug therapies (chemoprevention), and the regulation of carcinogenic exposures. All of these areas affect multiple types of cancer and massive numbers of people. Different interventions are at varying stages of development. For example, effective, evidence-based approaches have been developed over several decades to reduce tobacco use, prevent chronic infection with hepatitis B virus, protect children from excessive sun exposure, regulate exposures in high-income countries, and reduce breast cancer incidence and recurrence in high-risk women. More recent efforts are seeking to identify upstream measures to prevent excessive weight gain, reduce caloric intake, and increase physical activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSchottenfeld and Fraumeni Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention, Fourth Edition
PublisherOxford University Press
Pages1205-1206
Number of pages2
ISBN (Electronic)9780190238667
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Fingerprint

Primary Prevention
Neoplasms
Chemoprevention
Tobacco Use
Solar System
Ultraviolet Rays
Infection
Energy Intake
Hepatitis B virus
Weight Gain
Tobacco
Public Health
Obesity
Economics
Exercise
Breast Neoplasms
Costs and Cost Analysis
Recurrence
Drug Therapy
Incidence

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • Chemoprevention
  • Hepatitis B
  • Obesity
  • Public health
  • Tobacco
  • Ultraviolet light

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Thun, M. J., Linet, M. S., Cerhan, J. R., Haiman, C., & Schottenfeld, D. (2017). Primary prevention of cancer. In Schottenfeld and Fraumeni Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention, Fourth Edition (pp. 1205-1206). Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780190238667.003.0062

Primary prevention of cancer. / Thun, Michael J.; Linet, Martha S.; Cerhan, James R; Haiman, Christopher; Schottenfeld, David.

Schottenfeld and Fraumeni Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention, Fourth Edition. Oxford University Press, 2017. p. 1205-1206.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Thun, MJ, Linet, MS, Cerhan, JR, Haiman, C & Schottenfeld, D 2017, Primary prevention of cancer. in Schottenfeld and Fraumeni Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention, Fourth Edition. Oxford University Press, pp. 1205-1206. https://doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780190238667.003.0062
Thun MJ, Linet MS, Cerhan JR, Haiman C, Schottenfeld D. Primary prevention of cancer. In Schottenfeld and Fraumeni Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention, Fourth Edition. Oxford University Press. 2017. p. 1205-1206 https://doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780190238667.003.0062
Thun, Michael J. ; Linet, Martha S. ; Cerhan, James R ; Haiman, Christopher ; Schottenfeld, David. / Primary prevention of cancer. Schottenfeld and Fraumeni Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention, Fourth Edition. Oxford University Press, 2017. pp. 1205-1206
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