Primary cauda equina lymphoma is an extremely rare entity previously docu-mented in only 24 reported cases. Primary cauda equina lymphoma represents a subtype of neurolymphomatosis, which occurs when lymphoma cells with neurotropism infiltrate and destroy peripheral nerves, spinal nerve roots, nerve plexuses and cranial nerves. The cauda equina is an anatomic structure located in the lower part of the spinal canal consisting of multiple lumbar and sacral nerve roots. Herein, we report a unique case of primary cauda equina diffuse large B-cell lymphoma presenting as a tumor mass in the lower spinal canal, which was treated with a CNS-centric treatment approach followed by autologous hemato-poietic stem cell transplantation.
- Autologous stem cell transplant
- Diffuse large B cell cauda equina lymphoma
- MATRIX chemoimmunotherapy
- Primary cauda equina lymphoma
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